The Federal Judiciary Branch Consists Of Ninety Three District Courts

1426 Words Dec 13th, 2015 null Page
The federal judiciary branch consists of ninety-three district courts, thirteen circuit courts of appeals, and one Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is authorized under Article III of the Constitution. District and circuit courts are created by congressional statutes and can be eliminated or reorganized (Ginsberg et al. 609). All federal judges, except for judges of certain specialized or territorial courts, are appointed by the president for life. The president will discuss a lower federal court nominee with the senator from the nominee’s state. This practice of senatorial courtesy allows senators to have input on a selection whose rulings will impact their state. District courts are arranged geographically and have original jurisdiction over their cases, meaning that they will be the first to hear the facts of the case and make a ruling based on those facts. The circuit courts of appeals are responsible for larger geographic areas than the more numerous district courts. These courts do not hold trials since they only have appellate jurisdiction. They will review the lower court’s ruling and case documents for errors in the application of the law. All decisions based on these submissions are final and binding. Since the Supreme Court hears few cases per year, the rulings of the circuit courts of appeals can be quite powerful and affect not only the lower federal courts but also the large population of citizens within their geographic domain. Due to the potential…

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