Essay about The Evolution Of St Peter 's Architecture

2313 Words Nov 5th, 2016 10 Pages
The evolution of St Peter’s architecture within the High Renaissance and Baroque periods, were a direct response to the church reformations of the respective times. As the architectural forms evolved, the user’s experience has also changed. During the High Renaissance period, regular forms with straight and circular lines were used to achieve harmony and calmness with the buildings. It was a response to the Renaissance Humanism movement. The idealistic style of this period was reflected in Maderno’s facade and the dome. As St Peter’s evolved, Baroque qualities came more prominent. More complex forms involving curves and ovals were introduced into the architectural forms and sculptures. This movement was a response to the Counter-Reformation of the Catholic Church. Bernini’s curved colonnades reflected the Baroque qualities, and the concept of illusion, which heighten the user’s experience. Therefore, Maderno’s and Bernini’s designs would reflect different styles and qualities, and the experiences gained from the structure are different.

The fundamental characteristics of the High Renaissance era included the rediscovery of classical learning and the movement away from religious teachings towards science based knowledge (Baker 2015). This provoked questions around the Church and its teaching, influencing a movement away from the religious body (Baker 2015). As a result was the emergence of humanist attitudes and its idealistic principles (Gray 1963). This change was…

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