Essay about The Effects Of Stretching On Strength Dependent Performance

2261 Words Oct 29th, 2016 10 Pages
Acute and Chronic Effects of Stretching on Strength Dependent Performance
Training programs for athletes often include both strength and flexibility exercises. Increasing strength is believed to increase athletic performance, while a minimal degree of flexibility, which varies between sports, is fundamental for optimal performance. Additionally, many authors and clinicians advise that stretching beyond this minimal needed flexibility prior to the main physical activity will reduce the risk of injury, improve performance , and reduce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) (Beaulieu, 1981) (Shellock & Prentice, 1985) (Stamford, 1984) (Safran, Seaber, & Garrett, 1989).. However, these claims are controversial. Thus, the purpose of this review is to determine the effects of stretching beyond the minimal needed flexibility for an activity on acute and chronic effects on strength performance, and their underlying mechanisms, without examination of changing of the risk to injury or changes in flexibility.
Why These Conditions
This review will mainly involve static stretching. This is because it is one of the most well known forms of stretching and been the most researched (Blahnik, 2001). It should be noted that there are two basic ways static stretching can be performed: active or passive. Both forms are examined in this review, with more studies examining active static stretching which is believed to be more beneficial in the development of active flexibility, and may be more…

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