The Effects Of Hiv / Aids On Women Essay

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In this Essay, I will be talking about the effects of HIV/AIDS on women in Zimbabwe and in Australia. According to the World health Organisation (WHO) “The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. … The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It can take 10-15 years for an HIV-infected person to develop AIDS; antiretroviral drugs can slow down the process even further.” (WHO, 2015) HIV is spread through contact with blood, semen, pre-ejaculation, vaginal fluids and breast milk. In Zimbabwe, many women have little control over their sexual practices with men considered to be the head of the house. Women in Australia are generally well educated on HIV/AIDS due to government education schemes. However many believe catching HIV will not happen to them or do not feel confident insisting on a condom during sexual intercourse. Women living with HIV/AIDS are often discriminated against and feel isolated. In Australia, there are a low number of women with HIV in contrast to Zimbabwe where more women have contracted HIV/AIDS than men. Social Justice is also an issue for both these groups with equity of access to treatments and cost of AVT (antiretroviral treatment).

In Australia, women face stigma and discrimination. It is often assumed that women with HIV/AIDS in Australia are either, sex workers, drug users or victims. (McDonald, 2012) Stigmas…

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