The Effects Of Bullying On Children 's Learning And Development

1122 Words Oct 4th, 2016 5 Pages
2.3.3 Peers Berns (2013), states that peer groups have their own subcultures and depending on the values, motives, attitudes and patterns of behaviour they display they can contribute to bullying. Berns (2013) and Swearer et al. (2014) identified that children crave social acceptance, companionship and the desire to have a social identity and for that reason may partake in bullying behaviour. This is also the case, when peers participate in bullying to gain attention, group status or leadership. Unfortunately, this type of behaviour can increase bullying as certain minority groups may be targeted and the group reinforces the bullying behaviour by pressuring an individual to bully, egging the bully on or laughing at the incident as it takes place (Ladd et al., 2012; Lochman et al, 2012). Thus, encouraging peers to observe, model and imitate the bullying behaviour.
2.4 Potential effects of bullying in relation to children’s learning and development in the primary school setting After examining the types of bullying, and factors that contribute to bullying it is evident that bullying behaviour can potentially affect all agents in a child’s mesosystems Bronfenbrenner, 1979; Espelage, 2014). Rigby (2011), confirms that bullying can have damaging effects to not only the victim’s learning and development but the bully as well, impacting the school environment as a whole.
2.4.1 The victim According to Rigby (2011) and Swearer et al. (2014), bullying can potentially cause the…

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