The Effect Of Insulin Resistance On The Human Body Essay
What is Insulin Resistance Syndrome?
Insulin Resistance Syndrome is a proven facilitator of an alarming number of chronic illnesses in the United States. In order to understand the severity of insulin resistance syndrome, it is vital to recognize the important role that insulin plays in the human body (Reaven, 1995). Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas which is instrumental in the body’s use of digested food for energy. The body’s digestive tract breaks down carbohydrates consumed into glucose which enters the bloodstream. Insulin aids the cells in the body to absorb and use glucose for energy. Insulin resistance occurs when the body’s cells do not react appropriately to insulin which makes it difficult to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. The body will, in turn require more insulin in order for glucose to be able to enter its cells. Eventually the pancreas may fail to produce enough insulin to keep the body’s blood glucose levels within a desirable range which can lead to diabetes and other chronic diseases (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 2014). These chronic illnesses are among the top causes of death in the United States.
Prevalence and Distribution According to a national data survey done in accordance with standards set forth by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III, Insulin Resistance Syndrome affects approximately 24% of the adult population in the United States. This number…