The Design Of St Peter 's Cathedral Essay example

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Essay Question
Visuality (Renaissance and Baroque)
The design of St Peter’s cathedral in Rome underwent a significant evolution from the time it was begun by Bramante at the beginning of the 16th century to the construction of Bernini’s monumental colonnades and oval piazza in front of the cathedral in the middle of the 17th century. During this time a series of significant architects oversaw the evolution of its design in a changing religious context. Maderno’s façade epitomized a key idea of the Renaissance that perspective was a means to transfer the ideal to the real. While Bernini’s curved colonnade created a scenographic spectacle intended to heighten the experience of arrival and reinforce the authority of the church. Discuss the evolution of the architecture of St. Peters in relation to changing concepts of visuality from the Renaissance to the Baroque. How did ideas about the body and experience change? How did changing ideas about the body relate to the changing religious authority of the church?

Title of Essay
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Introduction
- Main idea/thesis:
St. Peter’s Basilica, begun by Bramante and Maderno’s facade was designed in the Renaissance period as a response to the educational reform, and thus the architectural style was of regular forms with straight and circular lines to simplify and communicate clearly to society. As society became more literate, the architectural style in St. Peter’s evolved into Baroque qualities which included more complex forms involving…

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