Ottoman Empire: The Decline Of An Empire

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The Decline of an Empire
The word ottoman is a western term for the name Osman I, who was the first ruler and creator of the Ottoman Empire in 1299. This Empire later on overthrew the last remainder of the Roman civilization and evolved to be one of the superpowers, and was the center of communications between the West and the East countries. But as its mighty grew also its weakness began to appear, and as a result of decades of influences such as historical events (wars), economic factors (crisis), and societal transformation (reforms) the colossal empire collapsed.

After Mehmed II succeeded his father in 1451, one of his priorities was to take the Byzantine city of Constantinople. According to (Norwich) this city was extremely important
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The wars of expansions led by Suleiman the Magnificent cost more than 20,000 gold coins per year to the ottoman treasury. The maintaining cost of Suleiman’s big armies led to the local governors to raise taxes in the provinces. Decision that was not popular in the territories and in more the one occasion led to an organize manifestation against the government. (Merriman) Suleiman response to this was the recruitment of more young people to the army, and hope that the discomfort of the people was stooped with his victories over the enemies.
Throughout his entire reign this tactic resulted very efficient, but the real cost to the Empire was its youth. By the end of Suleiman reign more than 60 % of the population was elderly and less than 35% was between the ages of 20-30. Due that most of the populations were old the population growth of the Empire shrunk and the treasury almost dried, thanks to the capture of the city of Zareb Suleiman was able to stop an economic crisis. The youth cost in Sulemain reign was about 45 000 young men that died during war and another 89,000 that were either captured or sold as slaves by the
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As all the European nations were booming in areas like agriculture, industry and naval; the empire was behind and unable to compete with the European superpowers in the new market. Ottoman agriculture was still a tribe oriented and was practiced in small regions of the Empire. (Kent). The European Powers like Great Britain, Austria and Russia took and advantage of this and started to infiltrate their products inside the Ottomans market with a cheaper price than the products produce by the empire. As an outcome of this local product did not sell as much as the European products and caused an overstock of national product making local farmer became poorer and in many cases sell their farm to go and try better luck in the

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