The Death Penalty Essay

1642 Words 7 Pages
The first topic that the author present is the history of the abolitionist movement and it progresses. The author stated that the move toward abolishing the death penalty had a liberal, utilitarian, and humanistic connection. Moreover, these changes began in the Enlightenment era in Europe: Cesare Beccaria was the one that opposed toward the death penalty: He declared that it was inhumane and ineffective to use capital punishment on humans and it conflicted with moral laws. Furthermore, Cesare’s, notion was utilized in some countries such as Austria and Tuscany, where the use of capital punishment was not employed for many years. Moreover, other nations restrictive the death penalty to only be used for to the hideous crimes. In December 2001, 34 countries completely abolished capital punishment from their system. However, some countries have brought back the death penalty after abolishing it, the Philippines, a country which abolished the death penalty in the time of President Marcos in 1987, has reestablished the use of capital punishment in 1993. Similarly, in Gambia the abolished time was even shorter than the Philippines, the period was from 1993 to 1995.
He moves on his second topic, the scope, and practice of capital punishment. The author stated that the United Nations decided that death penalty can only be used for the most severe crimes. Although the definition varies in social, religious, cultural and political perspectives, many agreed that death penalty should…

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