Dynamic Constancy Case Study
• The hormones, glucagon and insulin, work to manage blood sugar within normal levels and reduce fluctuations. For instance, when blood sugar levels rise, insulin hormones are released from the pancreas to guide these glucose molecules out of the blood stream and into the body’s muscle, adipose, and liver cells, along with most other cells in the body, to be used for energy.
• Diabetic ketoacidosis is notorious for the onset of multiple hormonal abnormalities that throw off the balance of equilibrium. This disease eradicates the dynamic constancy of the internal environment when diminishing levels of insulin prevent the …show more content…
The excess sugar cannot be stored in the kidneys and is ultimately spilled into the urine. This directly causes increased urination and dehydration.
• The onset of gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis due to a lack of insulin hormones intensifying the affects of hyperglycemia. This excess of glucose in the blood stream has branching effects that create imbalances in other parts of the body. Hyperosmolality is an effect of the excess presence of glucose in the blood stream and is followed by dilutional hyponatremia, which is a condition in which there are lower levels of sodium, or salt, in the blood than normal. Osmotic diuresis, another effect of the increased blood glucose levels, provokes the loss of electrolytes and fluid.
• Hyperketonemia occurs when the mitochondria of liver cells become overwhelmed during the conversion of free fatty acids to ketone bodies through the citric acid cycle.
What are the Symptoms?
• Nausea, frequent urination, thirst, confusion, abdominal pain, fruity-scented breath, and weakness