The Curriculum Theory I Will Talk About Is Learner Centred Theory

1722 Words May 21st, 2015 null Page
The curriculum theory I will talk about is learner centred theory. The key points in this theory are that the students are at the centre, they have control over their learning (Schiro, 2008). The aim of learning is personal growth rather than knowledge acquisition and this has obvious implications in the way curricula are designed. A learner-centred curriculum may allow students to decide the learning objectives, learning methods and pace of their own learning; assessment is usually formative or from self-evaluation; teachers are there to facilitate learning rather than to transmit knowledge (Ross 2000; Harden 1984). Ross (2000) gives further detail on a learner-centred approach (which he calls process-driven or a naturally landscaped curriculum) by describing Rousseau’s work: the child is at the forefront of learning, he learns what he is interested in and learns from everyday experiences; the tutor is a facilitator, arranging appropriate experiences and enabling learning for the individual. This gives an overall view of learner-centeredness but forgets that most learning happens in a social context, and it is imperative that we don’t forget social experiences as key learning points. A number of other theorists added to Rousseau’s ideas, most notably Dewey made it more relevant to the educational systems we have in place today, extolling activity and play as useful learning techniques, again with the teacher facilitating and participating, rather than holding…

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