The Cold War Basic Concepts Of Realism, Offensive And Defense Realist

1905 Words Dec 7th, 2015 8 Pages
Morgenthau explained a straightforward classical or human nature view of Realism. Offensive and defense realist take his points and slightly alter them. These perspectives can shed light on actions of more aggressive states versus peaceful states. John Mearsheimer, an offense realist, states that states seek primacy. He agrees with Morgenthau’s assumptions; however, he adds that in an unbalanced multipolar system states will fear a growing hegemon and act aggressively. In this unbalanced system states feel threatened and often pursue more offensive or seemingly hostile actions. States are more prone to go to war to increase power to protect their survival. They try to gain as much power as possible to become the hegemon. Compared to a defensive realist’s point of view, such as Kenneth Waltz, that explains states only pursue enough power to maintain order within the system. States do not strive for hegemony, but just a balance of power. Both views Mearsheimer and Waltz have been seen in examples throughout history. In the context of the Cold War basic concepts of realism easily explained the bipolar system of two ideologically different nations. There were two countries competing for hegemony by spreading their ideologies across the globe. A full scale war never erupted but proxy conflicts took place. On the world stage the Soviet Union and the United States never once actually went to war with each other because each possessed nuclear weapon capabilities. Mutually Assured…

Related Documents