The Cause And Effects Of The Berlin Wall And The Cold War

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In the early 1940s after World War II the United States, the Soviet Union, France, and Great Britain shared control of Germany. The occupiers also divided the capital city, Berlin, into four different territories. The most prominent countries, the Soviet Union and the United States, split Berlin into what is best known as East and West Germany. This time period is what we know as the cold war where there was great tension between the two territories. East Germany, allied with the Soviets, was a communist state while West Germany, allied with the United States, was a capitalist state. The superior lifestyle of the West German culture enticed countless East Germans to defect. Therefore, multitudes of people, with fairly little complications, crossed from East to West Germany. From the early 1940s to the early 1960s nearly 2.8 million people moved from East to West Germany. This number infuriated the Soviet Union, so they decided in 1961 to build a wall, physically dividing East and West Germany. The construction of the Berlin Wall lead to the physical division of East and West Germany, …show more content…
The Berlin Wall was one event of the Cold War that greatly influenced the anxieties of each country involved due to the violation of a pledge the Soviet Union gave, the strict rule East Germans had to live under, and the amount of people attempting to escape East Germany. The East Germans built the Berlin Wall in such a short amount of time and as a total surprise to so many people, it caused many Germans to be separated from their families, homes, or workplaces. Because of the war tension and separation, much of German life at the time was meager. Overall, the construction of the Berlin Wall created greater tension between communist and capitalist Germany and separated residents from their families or

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