The Britannica Bibliography: The Definition Of Genetically Modified Organisms

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Introduction:
The definition of Genetically Modified Organisms in the Britannica Encyclopedia is given as “Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) is the organisms whose genome has been engineered in the laboratory in order to favor the expression of the desired physiological traits or the production of the desired biological products”. From the definition we can understand that the genome from the DNA can be altered or some sequence can be separated from the DNA and use it to enhance or mute (gene silencing) a certain type of traits in an organism. In some cases we can even amplify the genome to produce the hormone in excess so that we get the desired product in abundance. For example, the amount of iron in rice was quite low due to which most
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Population of these countries keeps growing. If the conventional farming techniques are used, huge amount of pesticides would be required to help the plant survive from pests. This would increase the cost of these plants, due to which most of the people in these countries would not be able to buy, and people would be left malnourished. To increase the production and make them survive the harsh environment GMO techniques are used. In Gene modification the genome of the plant is modified so that it would produce more fruit and be immune to the pest. The genome can be modified to increase or add nutrients in plants, so that people would get the desired nutrients from their staple food …show more content…
In natural breeding, the male and female are chosen based on the traits that can be seen through naked eye or can be observed, and they are based on the phenotypes. The selected ones are then cross breed and the desired offspring are selected. In the DNA based technique, the scientist can get the DNA of the organism and dissect it to get the required gene. Then this gene is introduced into the embryo, and the offspring can have the desired traits. In this technique the scientist can many different types or many combinations of gene in one organism, so that the organism can have many desired

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