The Battle Of Gettysburg And The Civil War Essay

1943 Words Sep 1st, 2014 8 Pages
The Battle of Gettysburg is a famous battle in the American Civil War (1861-1865) that took place in southern Pennsylvania from July 1 to July 3, 1863. The main issue of the Civil War is the expansion of slavery into federal territories. The Northern states fought to abolish slavery and free the slaves from the Southern plantations. The Southern states built their economy on the plantation crops of cotton and tobacco. Plantations thrived in the South with the free labor of slaves, and the Southern economy would collapse if slavery were abolished (Benson). The people of the Southern states considered slaves to be part of their property, and they were adamant to retain slavery. The Battle of Gettysburg was the major turning point of the Civil War because it forced the Confederate Army to retreat, it forced the Confederacy to fight defensively, and it gave the Union soldiers a significant morale boost. During the war, eleven states seceded from the United States: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee. The southern states that chose to secede from the nation formed the Confederate States of America. The Northern states still considered themselves as the United States and strove to restore the rebellious Southern states to that union. The President of the United States at the time was Abraham Lincoln. The Confederate States of America also had their own president, Jefferson Davis. The…

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