Copper Chloride Lab Report

967 Words 4 Pages
Introduction and Historic Background
Copper (II) chloride is often times called cupric chloride. The molecular formula is CuCl2. There are two forms of copper (II) chloride. One form is the anhydrous form, which is when the copper (II) chloride is a yellowish-brown powder. It has a boiling point around 993 degrees Celsius and a melting point near 630 degrees Celsius. If copper II chloride is in its dihydrate form, it is a green-crystalline solid. The formula weight of the dihydrate form is 170.48 g/mol. Chemical properties include being able to be soluble in ammonia.
Synthesis Methods of Copper (II) Chloride There are different ways this certain compound can be synthesized and prepared. If combining and heating elemental copper and diatomic
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Those reactants combine together and produce different products including copper (II) chloride and sodium sulfate (Na2SO4). The two above reactions require certain industry equipment and should not be done in a lab that is why those synthesis methods are completed in the industrial area. But there are other reactions that can be done in a laboratory setting. The next method is used most of the time because it is likely the easiest way in the laboratory to produce CuCl2. It begins with copper (II) oxide (CuO) and two hydrochloric acids (HCl) and they react together and form CuCl2 and water. A very simple method that does not need much work. The next one is a neutralization reaction and a method that produces more water than the previous reaction. The reactants of this method include copper (II) hydroxide (Cu(OH)2) and two hydrochloric acids (HCl) producing a copper (II) chloride compound and two waters. There is a displacement reaction with copper (II) chloride as well. The weaker acid left over will be forced out by the strong acid in the balanced chemical equation. The reaction includes new compounds including copper carbonate (CuCO3) and …show more content…
Coughing and sneezing will occur if a person breathes in copper (II) chloride. If it is swallowed, unfortunately pain and vomiting will occur soon thereafter. When looking for a hazard symbol, multiple places are beginning to change to pictograms. There is more information that can be given about the compound. It is very corrosive to other metals and skin. If it gets on your skin, medical help will be necessary immediately. If the compound ends up in aquatic areas, it will stick to the animals or plants in the area and can kill the wildlife. The hazard diamond of copper (II) chloride has a 2 in the health part of the diamond. That means that exposure to the compound can cause incapacitation or injury. The red part of the diamond is the flammability code, which is a 0 meaning that the compound will not burn at all. The yellow part of the diamond is a 1, which concerns the compounds reactivity. It is generally stable, but can become unstable if the temperature or pressure reaches a certain mark. The certain mark was not given to me in the reference. Possible and most likely treatment solutions for humans if copper (II) chloride comes in contact with dangerous parts of your body include going out for fresh air if the compound is inhaled, drinking great amounts of water, making sure vomiting occurs, and medical attention if ingested, flush out the eyes with water for at least 15 minutes if it lands in the

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