Evocation In Atonement

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Imagine that you are reading a romance novel and never felt the sharp pang of love lost, how would readers like you react to the overall quality of the novel? Authors and directors utilise various literary devices and techniques in order to evoke emotional responses within their readers or viewers. The goal of evocation is to manipulate the audience’s emotion in order to evoke certain responses and reactions. Writers may utilise a character as a focal character who expresses feelings and emotions that readers can comprehend and interconnect with. By doing so, readers will be aware of the circumstances and the situations or conflicts within the plot and will be more likely to portray emotional responses. The novels, Atonement and Kitchen, both …show more content…
Ian McEwan, the author of the novel, utilises Briony Tallis as a focal character who experiences conflicts and struggles. In contrast to Kitchen, McEwan employs a tool known as “multiple narrative focalization”. The tool allows the author to explore and capture the characteristics and perspectives of multiple characters. Main characters such as Robbie, Cecilia, and Emily can all contribute together and create emotions within the readers. In other words, Briony’s perception and feelings are not the only source that can potentially evoke emotions within the readers. Additionally, the author uses the tool known as “free indirect discourse” in order to captures the perspectives and thoughts of different characters. With the tool, McEwan has the ability to freely portrays the thoughts and emotions of different characters. The tool allows readers to clearly understands the conflicts of the novel because they are allowed to tap into the psychology and thought of the characters. However, it creates dramatic irony because readers are conscious about the event while the characters within the novel are not. For instance, readers may feel frustrated at how Briony’s callowness and inexperience cause Robbie and Cecilia to suffer. During the scene where characters are searching for the missing twins, readers recognise that Robbie is not the person who committed the crime but it was infact, Paul Marshall. The free indirect discourse allows readers to fully understand the situation and interpret that Briony is wrong. Thus, readers may feel frustration and anger towards Briony and her misinterpretation that causes other characters to

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