Strengths And Weaknesses Of World War

737 Words 3 Pages
While there have been numerous perspectives and pathways to explain what causes wars, some theories are more substantial than others. Of the three different levels of analysis, the domestic level, followed by the systemic level of analysis, is much more coherent and compelling at explaining what causes major war than the individual or small group level of analysis. According to Copeland, major wars are, “wars that involve a vast majority of powers in a system and where there is a possibility that a great power may be eliminated form a system in its sovereignty.” This essay will illustrate that the strengths of the domestic and systemic levels of analysis, not only outweigh the weaknesses of both, but also the strengths and weaknesses of …show more content…
“Before 1914, Germany sought a wider sphere of influence or empire,” partially, in order to limit Russia’s potential power, thus proving Germany’s initial intentions for aggression to achieve what they want (van Evera 66). They had fixed plans for a European war, as seen in the Schlieffen Plan, but a localized one. Before the Great War, the two Balkan Crises left central Europe in unrest, especially Serbia (Schurman 6). In both of these crises, Austria-Hungary had the opportunity to take advantage of the unrest in neighboring Serbia, but an Austro-Serbian war presented obstacles to Germany’s own plans and caused them more problems, thus proving why Germany urged Austria-Hungary to wait (Copeland Lecture). At a certain point in this time period, the German authorities were able to see that the British would likely get involved, which they had hoped would not be the case. Since this aspect was not initially part of their plan, they needed to improvise. They had already tried to test the relatively new Anglo-French alliance with the Moroccan Crises, but it was no use; the British would likely get involved in their conflict. In order to effectively go up against the British, the Germans needed a strong navy (Copeland Lecture). They were in the process of building the Kiel Canal, but without its completion, Germany was no match for the Royal Navy, so Moltke insisted that they hold off war for eighteen months until the canal was completed (Copeland Lecture). Eighteen months later began the July Crisis, with the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and Austro-Serbian tension peaking. Since this development was now in Germany’s favor, they issued the Blank Check to Austria-Hungary. A blank check meant that they could be brought into any situation, including a war. They would not have issued the

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