Strengths And Weaknesses Of Situational Approach

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- Briefly discuss the strengths and criticisms of the behavioral approach.

Behavioral approach despite its conceptual strength has been criticized by many. The first and the foremost strength of behavioral approach is that it put forth a new perspective to studying leadership. Unlike traits and skills approach which focused on leadership characteristics and capabilities, behavioral approach proposed a more flexible undertone by focusing on how different leaders dealt with their followers. Secondly, various behavioral researches on leadership like the Ohio State studies, the University of Michigan studies and Blake and Moutan’s study, all propagated similar findings on task behavior and relationship behavior, strengthening its credibility and
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Situational approach is easy to implement and it also give freedom to leaders to be flexible and change with time and people. It does not undertake a blanket approach and thus provides a lot of space for followers to trust and grow. For example, if there were two employees with same skill set but different confidence level, situational approach would allow a leader to treat one with low confidence with more supportive behavior and the other with high confidence with more directive behavior, providing both of them a space to grow. Hence, situational approach continue to impress leaders and recent progress in its study like that of Daniel Goleman’s theory of situational leadership continue to make it practical and applicable to many …show more content…
She draws on Dweck’s research and explains how ‘fixed mindset’ which is inclined towards negative perception and ‘growth mindset’ which is inclined towards positive perception, leads to unhappiness and happiness respectively. According to the article, ‘fixed mindset’ believes that character, intelligence, and creative ability are unchangeable inherited qualities on which success depends. Because they believe it cannot be changed, they are scared to fail. On the other hand ‘growth mindsets’ believes in the ability to change and pursue growth. They perceive life as a challenge and failure as their stepping stones to success. Since, ‘fixed mindset’ focuses on proving themselves all the time assuming they have limited capabilities, they avoid failure and end up disappointed, whereas ‘growth mindset’ focuses on learning and limitless possibilities of improvement which keeps them optimistic. Popova also discusses the effect of fixed and growth mindset on relationships. It was interesting to note how relationships of people with ‘fixed-mindset’ involved constant judging, evaluation and high expectations, while the other was more based on understanding, support and change. Popova’s article provides a very good synthesis of Dweck’s research and signifies the impact of perspective and belief on one’s life and

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