Ethical Issues Concerning Stem Cells

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Overview Stem cell therapies are not new; Doctors have been treating patients with bone marrow stem cell transplants since the 1970s. The controversy raised about 20 years ago when they learned how to remove stem cells from human embryos 1
Moral claims made concerning embryonic stem cells research relates to human rights, medical benefits, policies and laws, and religion’s opinion. Research councils support the stem cell research because of its great values and benefits from the expected resulting therapies. Policy makers were opposing it e.g. the Congress of United States stopped the federal fund , because destruction of the embryo was likened to the abortion which was banned in 1973. They were also worried about using it in other
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In 2000, the NIH guidelines were finalized and released aiming at ensuring that the research is conducted in an ethically responsible manner 6
In 2009 scientists became able to stimulate a patient 's own cells to obtain the same result of ES cells proliferation. But still hES are a gold standard against which the "stemness" of other cells is measured. Therefore experts believe it 's wise to continue the study of all stem cell types 7 Analysis of the stem cell research dilemma
Embryonic stem cells, are derived from embryos that develop from in-vitro fertilized ova , they are not derived from ova fertilized in a woman 's body. The fertilized ova are allowed to develop to the blastocyst stage (6 to 7 days old, consisting of 15 to 20 cells), then the ES cells are extracted .
Since the onset of these researches ethical dilemma raised due to several reasons 8
1. hES cell research used to be considered like the abortion which is not acceptable and was banned in US in early 1970s.
2. It is thought that the embryo which researchers destroy is a human life and should get the right to
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hES cell research and abortion
Abortion is defined as termination of pregnancy. Induced abortion is based on a decision made by the mother (unwanted pregnancy) or the doctor due to certain medical conditions. In our point of view the ES cell it is similar to contraceptives rather than the abortion. To explain this we have to highlight the fact that implanted contraceptive devices works by many mechanisms to prevent pregnancy, one of them is that they thickened the endometrial to prevent implantation of the zygote. So as long as these contraceptives are considered ethical the ES cell research also should be ethical 9. to ensure the difference between abortion and ES cell research we have to demonstrate the justification of each. Abortion is always defended by the right of women to control over their body 10. That means that a fetus can be killed just for the joy of the mother. While a single embryo destroyed for a research is expected to provide a solution for one of the following problems:
A. Diseases like cancer and some conditions like birth defects are thought to occur due to problems in the differentiation process, so it is important to understand the development that happens in normal cells to treat them

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