Gender inequality is pervasive in the world and women are most vulnerable although men are affected by gender inequality at work. In central Asia and Europe, the decline in the manufacturing sector and the increase in the service sector favours women (World Bank, 2014). Women are more vulnerable in being offered opportunities in the formal sector with reports of abuse by female job seekers over the years. This increases the possibility of women being likely to live in poverty and participate less in the formal sector.
This section highlights published scholarly works by various writers and groups on gender inequality that put the issue among public discourse in recent years. The importance of this review is to assess …show more content…
Gender inequality at work results in gender pay gap, low economic participation etc.
1.2.7 Gender Bias
The propensity to make decisions or react based on gender.
1.3 Sociological Theories of Gender Inequality
Several theories have emerged to better represent gender inequality over the years. These theories project the notion females disadvantage in gender issues and therefore coined to help publicised the topic. The sociological theories are the structural functionalist perspective and the conflict perspective
13.1 Structural Functionalist Theory
This theory explains gender disparity as emanating from the pre-industrial era where the division of labour was based on gender. This classified energetic and paid for men to be able to cover material needs of their families whiles women were assigned to chores in the house that basically reaped no monetary returns.
1.3.2 Conflict Perspective Theory
This theory believed that gender inequality favouring men was a results of belief systems that placed inferiority of women’s productivity outside the home. It prioritizes women’s as valuable in the home which continued to widens the gap between men in terms of