Socio Economic Factors And Health Care System Related Issues Impact The Outcome Of Diabetes

1446 Words Dec 23rd, 2015 6 Pages
Many socio-economic factors and health care system related issues impact the outcome of diabetes and consequently its costs and vice versa. Factors that influence, delay in diagnosis also determines complication rates and thus costs. Presence and severity of complications as well as co-morbid conditions are the most important determinants of treatment and monitoring regimen as well as the need for hospitalization and are therefore important factors related to cost. Effective intervention means prevention both primary (health promotion and awareness) as well as secondary prevention (reducing the burden of complications by early diagnosis and effective care) (Kapur, A., 2006).

Diabetes is rapidly emerging as a major health care problem in India, especially in urban areas. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has been steadily increasing in urban areas from a low 2.1 per cent reported in early 19701 to 12.1 per cent in 20002. Moreover, there is an equally large pool of persons with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), many of who will develop type 2 diabetes in the future. There is evidence to suggest that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing even in rural areas. The rapid increase in population, increased longevity and high ethnic susceptibility to diabetes, coupled with rapid urbanization and changes from traditional lifestyles will most likely trigger a diabetes epidemic5. The WHO recently revised its estimates of the persons with diabetes in India in 2000 to 31.7…

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