Social Exchange Theory And Romantic Attachment Theory

2358 Words 10 Pages
Attachment is an emotional relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure, as well as it is an important part of romantic love, as attachment styles influence relationships. The main focus of this essay is to compare and contrast the following romantic attachments, which includes the Attachment Theory and Interpersonal Theories of attraction. Firstly, this essay will provide a brief description of both theories and apply the theories to interpersonal attraction and romantic attraction. Lastly, this essay will discuss the critique’s of both theories, as well as it will focus on the strong and weak points within the theories.
Attachment theory is a psychological, evolutionary, and ethological theory concerning the relationships
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The social exchange theory, refers to how people feel about relationships, depends on their perception of the rewards and cost of their relationship and the type of relationship they believe they deserve or expect to have, which refers to their own comparison level. This suggests that people are more likely to be involved in relationships that produce much higher rewards than costs in order to want to continue in a relationship and not to pursue an alternative relationship. The equity theory refers to a state of justice or fairness, suggesting that people are happiest in relationships where the rewards, costs, and contributions are equal to those of the other person. The evolutionary theory of human interpersonal attraction declares that opposite-sex attraction often occurs when someone has physical features signifying that he or she is very fertile. Considering that the primary purpose of romantic relationships is reproduction, people invest in partners who appear very fertile, increasing the chance of their genes being passed down to the next generation. Therefore it is evident from this perspective that attraction is strongly determined by the physical attractiveness or social status, which individuals possess. Lastly, the socio- cultural theory argues that sexual attraction and behavior are not biological but rather social and cultural in nature. This focuses on the society and not the individual’s relationship, suggesting that the socio-cultural theory focuses on understanding the social and cultural norms that influences how individuals come together (Kiguwa, Pillay,

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