Slavery Preserved : Mass Incarceration Throughout America Creating The ' New Jim Crow ' Era

1973 Words Nov 17th, 2016 8 Pages
Slavery Recreated: Mass Incarceration in America creating the “New Jim Crow” Era

December 6th of 1865 was a day of relief for African Americans mainly in the South, but all around the country. With slavery being abolished and illegal, Americans did not know was what was next to come. With slaves now free, African Americans are left jobless and homeless with no knowledge or resources on how to recreate their lives. “What do we do with these people?” is the question government officials would of asked. This question abstracts to solutions government officials and past presidents have set to benefit the American economy, but eventually reveals their way of making discrimination legal, creating mass imprisonment, and is arguably responsible for the evolution of the criminal-justice system changing into a racial caste system.
THE 13TH AMENDMENT Passed by Congress on January 31st, 1865 then ratified on December 6th, 1865, the 13th Amendment was added to the Constitution which declared that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction” (Researchers). The 13th Amendment held a loophole that law enforcement and government officials could take advantage of. Even though it was illegal to be a slave after 1865, if one were convicted as a criminal to the court system, they were legally state property, which means they could…

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