Causes Of Sickle Cell Anemia

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More than 70,000 people in the United States have been affected with Sickle Cell Anemia. Sickle Cell disease is a genetic disorder that affects the red blood cells. The symtopms of the disease was first seen in 1904. The normal doughnut shape of the red blood cells become sickled making it difficult for these cells to transport oxygen throughout the body causing blockages resulting in extreme pain during a crisis. This diseases tends to affect african americans more than any other race, but can also be present in people of Mediterranean, the Caribbean, Middle Eastern, India and Southeast Asian descent. The treatment of sickle cell anemia is used to help manage pain and prevent crisis. (silverstein 7, 25-31)
First, who discovered Sicle Cell
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Although Sickle Cell Disease is seen in people from the Mediterranean, Caribbean, Middle East , India , and Southeast Asia, the disease tends to affect African Americans the most. The reasoning behind this is because the disease is hereditary. It was seen a lot in Africa and as time progressed and the population grew, it began to spread within the African population as well as to the other populations in the world. Sickle Cell anemia is a genetically inherited disease, which means that it can be passed down from parents to their kids. Genes are the blueprints that makes up every human trait, from the color of your eyes to the complexion of your skin. In sickle cell disease The disease is inherited when one parent or both parents carry the trait or disease. The mutated gene can be passed along from the parent to the child. When both parents are carriers of the sickle cell trait, their baby ,unfortunately, has the chance of gaining one of the different possible inheritances. (Peterson, …show more content…
Fortunately, doctors now have more of an understanding about many of the aspects of the disease. The doctors are able to identify more symptoms like pain, damage of the lungs, kidneys, and other organs in the body. Today in America, around 2.5 million people carry the trait. More than 70,000 people in the United States have Sickle Cell Anemia. The disease is ranked as the most common type of inherited blood disorder in the United States. According to statistics from the American Sickle Cell Anemia Association, one in 500 African Americans, one in 900 Hispanic Americans , and one in 58,000 Caucasian Americans have the sickle cell disease.(Jones 17-18,

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