Essay about Rudolf Otto 's Theory Of Religion

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Rudolf Otto describes religion as numinous. The numinous is describes as the power or being of divinity. Rudolf Otto defined it himself as “non-rational, non-sensory experience or feeling whose primary and immediate object is outside the self”. Rudolf Otto refined his theory into three distinctive segments; numinous mysterium, numinous tremendum, and numinous fascian. The numinous mysterium is the wholly other. OR something that is entirely different from the ordinary things we experience in life. The tremendum is something that gets you terrified but it still presents itself as a great power. The fascian is a merciful and gracious side as well. Karl Marx’s theory of religion is compared to other social establishments. Marx says that religions is materialistic and that it is dependent on the economic realities of a given society. As Marx wrote, “The religious world is but the reflex of the real world.” In his theory, religion only functions on an economic stand point and nothing else. The actual laws and beliefs of a religion is almost irrelevant in itself. Marx believes that religion is some sort of illusion that gives people a reason to function as it is. Karl Marx has three reasons for disliking religion; First, it’s irrational is a way that religion is an illusion and worshiping a statue avoids the actual reality itself. Second, it tells people to surrender themselves to a so called God so they can go to heaven. Third, religion is a bit contradicting. The beliefs of…

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