The twentieth century’s art had a long and hard period of the development between the two World Wars. The early twentieth century started from the Fauvism movement that was led by Henri Matisse and his coloured way to define the reality. The avant-garde stream brought an art revolution that included Cubism and Dadaism. The Abstract Expressionism emerged in the U.S. after the chaos of the World War II. It became the first American movement that gained an international significance. The phenomenon of Pop Art burst into the history of art and replaced the Abstract Expressionism. The new art direction also stimulated the development of the commercial photography of that period (Alcaine& Kennan, 2015, p. 5). The main purpose of this study is to explore the peculiarities of the twentieth century’s art and design. This paper focuses on the Pop Art movement and the establishment of the commercial photography in the second half of the twentieth century.
The U.S. artists of the twentieth century appealed to the various modern art experiments that appeared during the early part of the …show more content…
He started his career as a window display artist at Bonwit Teller store. Johns created the most famous work Flag in 1955 (“Pop Art in America,” 2012, p. 2). Jasper chose the popular icons for his art and as a result, he used the most powerful icon of the American flag. This flag is depicted not as photography but in a quite antique way. The author wanted this picture awoke the inner thoughts. Johns was showing not simply a flag but the mirror because each person comes to this work with its own personal life experience and thoughts (“Pop Art in America,” 2012, p. 3). With this work, John reinterpreted what art can be and how it can represent the fundamental ideas though the symbolic way. Jasper Johns was the first artist who created such a powerful symbolic image of the American