Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Analysis

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is one of the most common infections in non-pregnant women of reproductive age, remains an important public health problem. It is associated with major long-term sequelae, including tubal factor infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. In addition, treatment of acute PID and its complications incurs substantial health care costs. Prevention of these long-term sequelae is dependent upon development of treatment strategies based on knowledge of the microbiologic etiology of acute PID. It is well accepted that acute PID is polymicrobic infection. The sexually transmitted organisms, Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis, are present in many cases, and microorganisms compromising the endogenous …show more content…
Normal bacteria found in the vagina and on the cervix can sometimes cause PID. No one is sure why this happens ("Pelvic inflammatory disease fact sheet", 2012).
Risk Factors: Risk factors are important considerations in both the clinical management and prevention of upper genital tract infections. As, STI’s are the most common etiology agents for PID, risk factors for developing PID can be related to those associated with the acquisition of STI’s, including early coitarche, young age, alcohol use, inconsistent use of barrier contraceptives, and multiple sexual partners or having one partner with multiple partners. Other factors that been associated with PID include a prior history of PID, IUD use, and douching ("Pelvic inflammatory disease," 2014).
Diagnosis:
If you think that you have PID you need to see a doctor right away. If you have pain in your lower abdomen your doctor will perform a physical exam. This will include a pelvic exam. Your doctor will check for: Abnormal discharge from your vagina or cervix, lumps called abscesses near your ovaries and tubes, and tenderness or pain in your pelvic organs ("Pelvic inflammatory disease,"
…show more content…
Recommended regimens can be found in the 2010 STD Treatment Guidelines. Health care providers should emphasize to their patients that although their symptoms may go away before their infection is cured that they should take all the medication that they were prescribed. In certain cases doctors may recommend hospitalization to treat PID. This decision should be based on the doctor and the use of the 2010 STD Treatment Guidelines. If a woman’s symptoms continue, or if an abscess does not resolve surgery may be needed ("Pelvic inflammatory disease," 2014). Any damage done to your pelvic organs before you start treatment likely cannot be undone. Still put off getting treatment. If you do you may not be able to have children. Your doctor may suggest going to the hospital to treat your PID if you are very sick, pregnant, don’t respond to or can’t swallow pills, or have an abscess in a tube or ovary. If you still have symptoms or if the abscess doesn’t go away after treatment, you may need surgery. Problems caused by PID, such as constant pelvic pain and scarring, are often hard to treat. But sometimes get better after surgery ("Pelvic inflammatory disease,"

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