Resilience Concept Analysis Essay

4598 Words Oct 5th, 2012 19 Pages
Introduction
Concepts are the building blocks from which theories are constructed. A concept analysis will clarify the meaning of a concept and help us understand the current theoretical and operational definitions of the concept for use in theory and research (Walker & Avant, 2005). The concept resilience was chosen for analysis because of its many uses in the literature today, and the need of a central, encompassing, modernized definition. In wake of the recent tragedies that have been occurring, resilience has become more widely used and its definition has been stretched. If this concept is to be used in its entirety, a centralized definition will need to be developed and a consensus on the defining attributes will need to be proposed.
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The commonalities among the resilient individuals found in this study, and others focused on resilience, are what we are calling today a person’s protective factors. The list of protective factors is continually growing because of increasing research and increasing awareness of the importance of resiliency.
Resilience today is being intensely studied in wake of the recent tragedies occurring. Catastrophes like Hurricane Katrina and 9/11 have left many people with overwhelming, uncontrolled stress and stress reactions, while others have adapted well to the tragedy and have moved on. What qualities do those that have grown from the adversity embody that the others do not? It is these factors that resilience researchers are interested in and want to discover.
In review of the literature, there is a consistent agreement that there are two essential elements to the presence of resilience in an individual. First, there must be a biological, psychological, or environmental risk factor or stressful life event. Second, there must be protective factors which help an individual to cope with the adversity. Protective factors are those attributes or situations that help the individual resist or buffer the effects of the stressor (Dyer & McGuinness, 1996; Kaplan, 1996; Greene et al, 2003; & Mandelco & Peery, 2000). There has been a long list of protective factors generated from the findings of various studies; however, many of these factors are not

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