Wound Cleansing: Water or Normal Saline?
MidAmerican Nazarene University
Wound Cleansing: Water or Normal Saline? Wound cleansing has been discussed about for many years, different solutions and techniques have been discussed to use, and it is an important part of preventing infection. Wound cleansing is described as the use of fluids to remove debris and dead tissue from the surface of the wound. The purpose of wound cleansing is to make the best possible conditions at the wound site, for uncomplicated wound healing. The most commonly used solution would be normal saline due to being an isotonic solution and it does not disrupt with normal healing process of wounds (Ljubic, 2013). Normal saline has just been
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The studies in this article are a large sample size, and the random sample of participants which make the research more reliable. The different test measures used to measure infection rates in wounds also makes the studies more reliable. The article by Trevillion (2008), explains about patients who come into the emergency department with varying degrees of wounds. There has been multiple studies on the cleanliness of tap water to use when irrigating out wounds. Results showed that tap water of drinking quality is just as effective and not anymore harmful or increase risk for infection than normal saline. This article is a literature review about several studies used. “All of them referred to rigorously controlled, quantitative studies that include numeric data and the measurement of variables” (Trevillion, 2008). From the studies used, Trevillion (2008) concludes that wounds can be cleansed better with running tap water rather than normal saline, tap water showed a decrease in infection rates, tap water is more cost effective, and converting to the use of tap water offers patients the ability to cleanse their wounds easier in their homes” (Trevillion, 2008). The studies from this research article also have a good reliability due to the research behind them and the review of quantitative studies. In the quasi-experimental study by Moscati et al. (2007), subjects were picked from those who presented to the