Research Critique Essay

3206 Words Feb 28th, 2010 13 Pages
Radiography (2005) 11, 55e59


Critiquing a research article
Gill Marshall)
Division of Medical Imaging Sciences, St. Martin’s College, Lancaster LA1 3JD, UK
Accepted 16 September 2004 Available online 1 December 2004

Critical reading; Peer review; Literature; Journal review

Abstract This article explores certain concepts relating to critiquing research papers. These include considering the peer review process for publication, demonstrating the need for critiquing, providing a way to carefully evaluate research papers and exploring the role of impact factors. Whilst all these features are considered in this article, the focus is on presenting a systematic and comprehensive way of critiquing research
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If negative, the implications of any weaknesses in the study, need to be considered.9 In the context of this paper, a research article is a written published report of original research presented in a peer reviewed journal, to allow it to be judged in the context of the body of knowledge. The article will allow an assessment by readers of what observations were made, how the research was conducted and its intellectual value or ‘‘so what’’ factor, for example an article describing a method of recording blood pressure to six decimal places may be scientifically robust but have little application to practice. An article should be considered under the following headings.

This usually contains (i) evidence of a literature review, (ii) background information to the study to orientate the reader to the problem, (iii) the hypothesis or aims of the study and (iv) the rationale for the study. These elements should be logically presented and well written.6,14 A literature review should be present that is relevant and recent, unless the article has a historical focus. Older articles acknowledged as seminal works in the area should be cited. It should contain few if any secondary sources but should confine itself to a review of primary sources.14 It should be comprehensive and even handed in its selection of both theoretical and research information on the topic, and should be presented in an objective way. The

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