Rendezvous Disciplines Essay

2793 Words Jan 30th, 2016 12 Pages
Rendezvous Discipline
Criminology is known as a ‘Rendezvous’ discipline; discuss the meaning and validity of this label

The purpose of this essay is to discuss the meaning and validity of the label criminology has as a ‘rendezvous discipline’. To do this, this essay illuminates where criminology originates from and what its primary focus is. The Chicago School, Lombrosian Theory, Positivist and Classical criminology, are discussed. Other disciplines namely Sociology, Psychology, and the Criminal Justice Sector are examined and applied to the broad subject of criminology, to show the network of how this subject came to be recognised as such a discipline. Exposed are main issues that occur for the likes of criminologists and other
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the perpetrator is not caught and charged. Criminal law has a primary concern with deviant or ‘criminal acts’ of wrong doing. Tierney (1996) provides an explanation of the ways in which crime is understood in a number of contexts. He produced 7 alternative ‘varieties’ of crime; crimes deemed to be such by a court finding a defendant guilty; crimes recorded by the police as notifiable offences; crimes reported to the police by the public; crimes reported to, or discovered by, the police, but not recorded by them; the dark figure of crime; Crimes actually committed; crime’ is used to describe activities that are not at present against the law, but from the perspectives of some observers are wrong or immoral.
Criminology is a subject on its own, and simultaneously also interdisciplinary, which creates hurdles in definition. This is due to, as criminologist, Newburn (2007) illustrates ‘criminology is influenced by, and draws upon, psychology, sociology, legal theory and other subjects. Moreover, sometimes these approaches will appear rather at odds with each other’. He also gives three points he calls ‘great tributaries’ to the understanding of this subject: 1) The study of crime. 2) The study of those who commit crime. 3) The study of the criminal justice system.
As criminology is not only studied by criminologists, but also ‘adapted’ by sociologists and psychologists, it is interesting to see the contrast of definitions given by other

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