Racial Disparity In Criminal Justice

700 Words 3 Pages
The unequal treatment of minorities in the criminal justice system is one of the most serious problems facing America. The American society can not evolve or depicted as an equal right country for all,if state and federal law enforcement continue discriminatory behavior towards minorities. Ten years ago, Robert Sampson and Williams Julius Wilson (1995) proposed a hypothesis of race and urban disparity to clarify the unbalanced representation of African Americans as victims and offenders in crimes. Sampson and Williams purpose is to address the hidden issues in the criminal justice system in the connection between race and violent crime by explaining social and cultural arguments in race,crime,and inequality in America. The main idea expressed …show more content…
A criminal justice reform’s goal is to understand and apply new theoretical heading for the investigation of race,ethnicity, and violence. Supporting racial invariance is the collaborating factors of poverty, income, family disrupting(family member incarcerated),and unemployment. Consider Shaw and McKay’s (Shaw and McKay 1969 [1942]) observation in Chicago from over half a century ago: The important fact about rates of delinquents for Negro boys is that they too, vary by type of area. They are higher than the rates for white boys, but it cannot be said that they are higher than rates for white boys in comparable areas, since it is impossible to reproduce in white communities the circumstances under which Negro children live. Even if it were possible to place the low economic status and the inadequacy of institutions in the white community, it would not be possible to reproduce the same effects of segregation and the barriers to prosper(1942: 614). We still cannot say that blacks and whites share a similar environment—especially with regard to concentrated urban poverty. Consistently over recent decades the vast majority of poor non-Hispanic whites have lived in non poverty areas compared to approximately less than a fifth of poor blacks (Jargowsky 1997). Moreover, whereas less than 10 percent of poor whites typically live in extreme poverty areas, almost half of poor blacks live in such areas. Sampson and Wilson (1995) wrote that “the evidence is clear that African Americans face dismal and worsening odds when it comes to crime in the streets and the risk of incarceration.” These dismal odds are still with us. In 2013, the overall violent crime rate declined slightly from 26.1 to 23.2 from the Justice Department 's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). If crime in America is decreasing ,then how is it possible that black men who make up only 12% of the U.S population were

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