Questions On Reasoning And Reasoning Essay
1. A deductive argument may be (a) Valid and sound
2. A valid, deductive argument may have (a) true premises and a true conclusion (b) False Premises and a True Conclusion
3. An inductive argument logically guarantees the truth of its conclusion (b) False
4. In deductive reasoning is when you provide premises that are presume to be true to get a guarantee truth of the conclusion in order to be valid. A example of the od a deductive agreement is
1. Humans are mortal
2. Carlos is human
C. Carlos is mortal
This valid since the premises are true and the premises logically follow conclusion, which makes the agreement sound.
In an inductive reasoning you are trying to think the most probability conclusion base on the premises. An example is that this is:
A guy in front of you drops a wallet. You pick up the wallet to see the name on the id, which the id states John Smith. So the guy that drops the wallet is John Smith.
This is a inductive argument because this is base on the probability that the id in the wallet is actually the person that drop the wallet. There could be a way that the person is not John Smith even though the premises are true, hence this cannot be a deductive argument because it could have true premise by a false conclusion.
5. The distinction between moral obligation and moral permissibility is that in obligation is action that you have to do and permissibility is an action that is neither right or wrong. An example that is moral obligation…