Qantas House History

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Qantas House is one of an iconic building of Post-War International Style in Sydney. This masterpiece was designed in 1950, and completed in 1957, by an architect called Felix Tavener of Rudder Littlemore & Rudder, Architects. According to NSW Environment & Heritage, Qantas House is a representative building of the latest technology and urbanised design in Sydney which also showed the ‘moderate’ transitional aspects of 1930s European modernism. It is also a main defining urban space of Chifley Square2.
This building is located at the conjunction of 68-96 Hunter Street in Sydney and Phillip Street, and Elizabeth Street (as shown in Figure 1). It is historically significant as the first headquarter of Qantas Airway, at the time Australia’s only,
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It was then renamed as “No.1 Chifley Square” after Qantas Airways moved the headquarter to Mascot which the location is nearer to Sydney Airport with a bigger space. Qantas House is still commercially used today by different companies. The building is now included in the NSW State Heritage Register1.
This essay is going to illustrate the basic information of Qantas House, the background and history, the planning and design, comparison of the past and present.Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Service (Qantas) was established in the early 19th century. It is the first airline company in Eastern Australia, which the first headquarter is located in Brisbane, Queensland. It was the first government subsidised airline service. In 1935, Qantas Airline started to fly internationally. International growth had led Qantas Airline to improve and upgrade their main assets, aeroplanes. In 1950s, they’ve bought their first ever Boeing 707, and the building of Qantas House, where their first international headquarter was going to locate.Qantas House was designed by an architecture firm,
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The architect who designed the building was Felix Tavener. Felix Tavener, a very passionate architect, graduated from Sydney Technical College in 1938. After he graduated, he travelled to Europe to explore more buildings that were themed as modernism, which could not be seen in Australia. He joined Rudder, Littlemore and Rudder in 1949 after returning to Australia. In 1950, Felix Tavener designed Qantas House for Qantas Airways, with the inspiration of the London first curtain wall building, Peter Jones Department Store (as shown in figure 2), by William Crabtree and Professor Charles Reilly which was designed in early of 1930s and completed in 1939. Qantas House is a very powerful symbol of forward-looking for Qantas Airways. It is an evidence of the rapid expansion of the airline in the 1950s. It was also appointed as the finest new building in British Commonwealth by the Royal Institute of British Architects4. With the unique design and latest building technology in the 20th century, Qantas House had become the Bronze Medal of Royal Institute of British Architects in 1959. It is now one of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects Register of 20th Buildings of Significance, also the NSW State Heritage Register. Qantas House was

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