Essay about Public Health Problem Of Antibiotics

1356 Words Nov 19th, 2016 6 Pages
Public Health Problem Antibiotics are a type of medicine used to attack and prevent the infection of bacteria. They are a type of medicinal drug accessible through means of a doctors prescription. Antibiotics work in a multitude of ways to attack bacteria such as destroying the bacterial cell wall and suppressing the secretion of energy from glucose within the bacterial cell wall (What is Antibiotic Resistance, 2016).

Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to successfully control or kill bacteria. It essentially occurs when bacteria are resistant to antibiotics and continue to multiply even in the presence of the antibiotic. It occurs because of changes in DNA of bacteria (Edwards R., 1990). Just like any other living organism, bacteria adapt to their environment after a period of time and eventually alter their physical qualities adjust to these environments. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria learn to change in some way or form that reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to combat these infections (World Health Organization, 2016). The bacteria essentially learn how to survive exposure to antibiotics and are not affected by it. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply, causing more harm to the host affected by the infection. Unfortunately for the medical realm, there are no antibiotics for which resistance does not exist.

Antibiotic resistance is the evolutionary and natural…

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