Public Bike Sharing System Case Study

1248 Words 5 Pages
1.1 Introduction

With heightened concerns about global climate change, energy consumption and carbon emissions, many countries all over the world have encouraged the public to choose public transportation rather than private vehicles to travel. In different modes of public transport, cycling increases in popularity in many cities, which brings healthy and environmental advantages(Goodman and Cheshire, 2014).
Particularly for short distances in city, bicycle is regarded as an alternative transport to automobile and it may make an important contribution to the environment and public health(Faghih-Imani and Eluru, 2014). Furthermore, using bikes for recreation and commute is a fashionable activity for this generation. As a bicycle is a complementary mean of transport systems, a public bike-sharing system creates an opportunity to be integrated into public transport system and urban development.

Over the past decade, the “ Public Bike-sharing System (PBS)”, also known as public-use bicycles (PUBs), bicycle transit, bikesharing and smart bikes, is increasingly popular and rapidly growing in many cities. Its origins can be traced back to Europe. The principle of public bike-sharing system is simple that people use bikes on an as-needed basis without the expense and responsibility of bike
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The public bike-sharing system is deemed to be a green, sustainable and emission-free transport mode. As an alternative transport of automobile, public bike-sharing systems are estimated that more than five thousands public bike trips cover 200,000 km per day, which reduce the equivalent of 37,000 kg of carbon dioxide emissions(Shaheen et al., 2010).Its effects on environmental and social will encourage citizens to take part in this environmental action in order to satisfy the social consciousness of public

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