Psychosocial Theory Of Erik Erikson

2585 Words 11 Pages
Erik Erikson, was born in 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany, to a young Jewish mother. His biological father and mother separated before he was born, later on his mother remarried Erikson 's physician. (Weiland, 1993, p1). In school, he was bullied for his appearance because he did not look like the other kids. He felt that his stepfather never fully accepted him. Because his biological father was Danish and his stepfather was Jewish. It was hard for him to figure out where he fit in. Those early on experiences in life helped fuel his interests in identity. In the late 1920s he meet Anna Freud, daughter of Sigmund Freud and started studying psychoanalysis at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. He never received a formal degree, instead all of …show more content…
They do not even look like they are thinking about much. Nonetheless ,that is far from the truth. Babies are making new connections everyday and are trying to make sense of the world they are in. (Feldman, 2017, 105). As stated in Feldman, the first stage in the psychosocial theory is the trust vs mistrust ages birth to twelve months of age. According to Erikson, this is the most important stage in a person 's life. (Feldman ,2017, 98). The major question that is being asked is can I trust those around me? Since infants are dependent on those who take care of them, which is usually a parent or caregiver. The care and quality of care they are being received is very important in forming trust. While it is just as important to provide the infant with basic needs such as food, water, and shelter, it is also essential to provide …show more content…
In this stage, the major question being asked is “can I do things on my own?” (Felman, 2017, 183). The favorite word among this age group is “NO!” Gaining a sense of confidence and independence is crucial in this stage. Some important milestones include control over food choices, clothing, toys, and the main one toilet training a parents worst nightmare.
Toddlers in this stage will want to be independent, and do things on their own without the help of others. A example of positive autonomy would be letting Jimmy pick out his own clothes for school. Letting him pick out his outfit even if it is his halloween costume will help him develop a sense of autonomy. (Felman ,2017, 188). This stage can be extremely frustrating for parents and caregivers who will want to interfere. For example, if Jimmy decides he wants to dress himself; and the parent jumps in and picks his clothes for him, dresses him, and takes him to daycare. Jimmy might start to doubt himself and may think he is not capable of making decisions on his own. Those who complete this stage successfully will feel a sense of confidence. Those who do not and are left with a sense of self-doubt, which can lead to low

Related Documents