Psychosocial Theory Of Erik Erikson
They do not even look like they are thinking about much. Nonetheless ,that is far from the truth. Babies are making new connections everyday and are trying to make sense of the world they are in. (Feldman, 2017, 105). As stated in Feldman, the first stage in the psychosocial theory is the trust vs mistrust ages birth to twelve months of age. According to Erikson, this is the most important stage in a person 's life. (Feldman ,2017, 98). The major question that is being asked is can I trust those around me? Since infants are dependent on those who take care of them, which is usually a parent or caregiver. The care and quality of care they are being received is very important in forming trust. While it is just as important to provide the infant with basic needs such as food, water, and shelter, it is also essential to provide …show more content…
In this stage, the major question being asked is “can I do things on my own?” (Felman, 2017, 183). The favorite word among this age group is “NO!” Gaining a sense of confidence and independence is crucial in this stage. Some important milestones include control over food choices, clothing, toys, and the main one toilet training a parents worst nightmare.
Toddlers in this stage will want to be independent, and do things on their own without the help of others. A example of positive autonomy would be letting Jimmy pick out his own clothes for school. Letting him pick out his outfit even if it is his halloween costume will help him develop a sense of autonomy. (Felman ,2017, 188). This stage can be extremely frustrating for parents and caregivers who will want to interfere. For example, if Jimmy decides he wants to dress himself; and the parent jumps in and picks his clothes for him, dresses him, and takes him to daycare. Jimmy might start to doubt himself and may think he is not capable of making decisions on his own. Those who complete this stage successfully will feel a sense of confidence. Those who do not and are left with a sense of self-doubt, which can lead to low