Psychological Theories Of Domestic Violence

1799 Words 8 Pages
Domestic Violence, Psychological Theory, Culture, and Health
Amy E. Contreras
California State University, Long Beach

Introduction There are a variety of factors that contribute into defining domestic violence. These factors can include physical assault, sexual assault, emotional and psychological abuse, and/or any other action that can be used by a spouse or partner to control or have power over the other person in the relationship. Domestic violence can be explained through psychological theories, such as learning theories and sex-role theory; it affects a person’s health, and culture can influence domestic violence. This paper will focus on the social science, applied science, and diversity disciplines; with a psychological,
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Domestic violence is associated with low consistency in condom use, risky sexual behaviors, unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and provoked abortions (Coker, 2007). Research suggests that women who were experiencing intimate partner violence/ abuse needed medical attention at least a year prior to their death (Coker, 2007). Physical abuse can have negative consequences to one’s sexual health. An injury caused by striking someone or an injury received from sexual behavior or assault can cause sexual dysfunctions. These types of injuries can cause a variety of different issues. Such as, pelvic pain, feeling discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse, and infertility (Coker, 2007). Women, who experience abuse, often lose the ability to have control over their own lives. Their partner makes decisions for them; therefore, they no longer have control over contraception and birth control. This can cause severe health problems for the woman. Their partners may even sleep with other people and can contract a sexually transmitted disease (Coker, …show more content…
Learning theories have provided a good background for trying to explain how abusers become the abuser. Seeing abuse first hand, while growing up can often lead those children to becoming abusers themselves. The sex-role theory can also be linked to a learning theory in domestic violence. Children are taught from a young age what their roles are, as women or men to be dominant or submissive. They are taught how to carry out their role, and are watching these roles take place; this can reinforce this concept to a child. The consequences of these theories and domestic violence are how abuse affects the victim. There are numerous health problems that can result from domestic abuse; such as mental and sexual health problems. Culture is another component that gives some insight into domestic abuse. With the amount of research there is on this topic, a conclusion that can be made is that there are many variables that are at play with domestic abuse. Domestic abuse is an issue that can become present with learning theories, sex-role theories, culture, and can cause some health concerns. A good way to combat this issue is to start tackling it before it even begins. Finding a prevention strategy to domestic violence could go a long way. This means, dismantling sex-role theory, bringing information and education about the issue to

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