Psychological Analysis Of Naga-Mandala By Girish Karnad

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This paper entitled ‘psychoanalytic theory on Naga-Mandala’ regards as an analysis of psychological side of the play. The psychoanalytic theory is applicable on Naga-Mandala as Girish Karnad disseminates facts about human life and psyche of humans in ancient Indian stories with the changing social codes and morals of modern life. Girish Karnad’s plays are pertinent to the psychological problems, dilemmas, and conflicts defied by the modern Indian people in their distinctive social situations. Naga-Mandala deals with the examination of Genetic and the developmental aspects as well as the anxiety-producing conflicts occurring within the minds of the characters or in the storyline. The conflict
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Pushpanathan says that the play, Naga-Mandala, is based on folktales about Naga, popular in Karnataka and in several other parts of India in its different forms. Karnad had heard these tales from A.K. Ramanujan, who had collected many folktales and their variants dominant in different parts of India. In the folktale, there is a snake who assumes the form of the prince enters the palace and woos the beautiful princess. When the prince comes to know about it, he gets the snake killed.
The wife then sets him a riddle. If he fails to answer the riddle, he is to die. In some tales, the snake takes revenge on the man. In Karnad’s play, it sacrifices itself for the happy life of Rani and Appanna. The play dramatizes man’s attitude to woman in a patriarchal society, mistrust, infidelity and lack of communication, breaking family life and the institution of marriage, and it reaffirms the significance of motherhood as the cementing factor in the family and the society. The play upholds the significance of family, marriage and
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51). During analysis, a process that often takes many years, patients tell analysts both what they feel is important and what they consider to be unimportant. An aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative repercussions is transference, which occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models, or other figures from their past. Transference causes patients to become concerned with pleasing their analysts and, as a result, patients lose their rational aim of getting well (Freud, 1949, p.

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