Pros And Cons Of Federalism

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Federalism is compromise essential for the creation of the country. It can be seen as a compromise between the extreme concentration of power and a loose confederation of independent states for governing a variety of people usually in a large expanse of territory. The balance between big and small government is something that has shifted since the conception of our country. While in theory one could argue that both sides sound like feasible solutions to many political and social issues, finding the proper balance between the two has proven to be more nuanced than some people would expect. In the U.S. the federal balance of power has evolved throughout history.
Federalism in its most basic form is division of power between national and state
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This was the traditional two-layered system of dual federalism when state jurisdiction was greater than federal government jurisdiction. Cases such as Barron v Baltimore and Dred Scott v Sandford prohibited Congress from regulating economic activity that occurs in a state. The elastic clause caused heat over the separation of power between state and national government and through court cases such as McCulloch v Maryland and Gibbons v Ogden, the Supreme Court was able to increase the national governments’ power. Clashes emerged as the southern states’ pursued the states’ rights, which threatened the Union, and was rejected after the civil …show more content…
Federalism was a result of the British monarchy and the Articles of Confederation. The framers didn’t want too much power in the hands of one centralized government but the failure of the Articles resulted in the slow and gradual expansion of the power of the national government. Though some framers wanted to limit state power, it was practically impossible due to the well-established political institutions and the strong relationship that the citizens had towards their states. Federalism evolved from dual federalism where national and state government were separate entities providing separate services and state was still bigger than the national government. It shaped into cooperative federalism where national and state government worked in collaboration, which shifted the balance of federal power toward national government. This restructured into regulated federalism where the congress passes laws to make states meet national standards. Finally, it molded into new federalism where politicians tried to slow down the growth of national government through

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