Preventing Viral Replication Within The Virus Essay

1035 Words Oct 31st, 2016 5 Pages
During an outbreak where immediate protection is necessary, an antiviral approach has been found to be successful. In this type of a situation, it is crucial to stop viral replication within cells. If infected cells are injected with IFN-α/β, IFN-induced gene products stop the replication of the virus. These IFN-induced gene products include a RNA-dependent protein kinase and an RNase L. IFN can protect against all serotypes and strains of the FMDV tested so far because it produces non-specific immunity. For the most effective use of IFN, it is advised to administer IFN and then the vaccine of the virus. This gives the cells a chance to produce non-specific antibodies prior to being introduced to the virus (Grubman). In Turkey, outbreaks of FMD averaged 1046 annually in the years 2006-2013, and since then have been on the rise. These outbreaks have caused large financial losses for the country that amount to more than $10 million. A recent study took place in Turkey to distinguish areas that had a high risk for the disease, and how to manage it properly. It was determined that there is a positive correlation between risk and the number of outbreaks in a given area. In addition, this correlation increased when animals were imported into an area, which concludes that they need to implement stricter restrictions on the movement of animals that could possibly be infected. This study also determined that geological features and population numbers must also be taken into account…

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