Presidential Election Process Analysis

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The process of nominating a presidential candidate and electing a president is very complex. The United States has two major political parties, the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. Within each political party, the candidate has to announce that they plan on running for the presidential election. Once announcing their candidacy, they will begin their nomination campaign throughout the United States. A nomination campaign is where candidates of the same political party compete with one another to win delegate representatives to help support the candidate’s nomination at the national party convention. During this time, many states hold caucuses and open or closed primaries. Caucuses are where party members gather to discuss which presidential …show more content…
Smaller states have an advantage in the Electoral College. Small states that have a small population have at least three electoral votes, whole other states that have a moderate size population have an equal or an only slightly greater number of electoral votes compared to those of small states. The Electoral College has 538 electors or voters that they are able to cast to the presidential candidates. The United States distributes the number of votes based on population size. Since California, Texas, and Florida have a high number of populations, they have the most electoral votes. The smaller states such as New Hampshire, Vermont, and Delaware are limited to a small number of votes. In the Electoral College, if one presidential candidate is able to win a certain number of small states, they are able to win both the electoral vote and presidency. This is unfair advantage to the bigger states because the bigger states have the most votes. Since bigger states have more votes, it would make sense that they should have a bigger impact in the Electoral College, but they have a smaller impact in comparison. If a candidate were able to win California, Florida, and Washington, they would still be short on votes. For example, in the United States presidential election of 2000, George W. Bush against Al Gore, Bush won the Electoral College. Bush won 271 electoral votes to win the election; he won thirty states compared to Gore who won only twenty-one states. (Estes, 268) “Many of these were small states whose electoral votes were disproportionately higher than their share of population” (Estes, 268). Due to an unfair advantage of distribution of electoral votes, smaller states had a larger impact on who was able to win the presidential race. The Electoral College does not work in the sense of amount of votes. If the number of electoral votes is not distributed according to population size, the Electoral

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