Presidential Electoral Process

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The process of nominating a presidential candidate and electing a president is very complex. The United States has two major political parties, the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. Within each political party, the candidate has to announce that they plan on running for the presidential election. Once announcing their candidacy, they will begin their nomination campaign throughout the United States. A nomination campaign is where candidates of the same political party compete with one another to win delegate representatives to help support the candidate’s nomination at the national party convention. During this time, many states hold caucuses and open or closed primaries. Caucuses are where party members gather to discuss which presidential …show more content…
These votes go towards the Electoral College. The Electoral College is “a group of persons who are selected by the voters in each state. This group officially elects the president and vice president of the United States of America. (Bardes et al., 2015, 346) The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. This number comes from the number of representatives in Congress, 100 senators, and three electors from the District of Columbia or D.C. Each states has a different amount of electors based on population size. Electors are selected and appointed by higher officials and electors must not have a position of power. American citizens are not voting directly for the president. The votes express how citizens want the electors to cast their votes. There is also a popular vote and electoral vote. A popular vote is where states favor a certain presidential candidate. If a presidential candidate gets a majority of the votes, all the electoral votes will go towards that specific presidential candidate. Once a presidential candidate achieves 270 electoral votes, he or she wins the presidential race. He or she is able to become president and will be inaugurated into presidency. As mentioned earlier, there are both popular votes and electoral votes. Candidates are able to win presidency through electoral votes and a low popular vote. For example, a candidate who the United States does not want to win and has a low popular vote is able to win the presidency because they won at least the 270 electoral votes. The United States’ process of electing president does not work because the Electoral College does not show true representation of American

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