Policy Debates And The Construction Of Difference Essay

1986 Words Aug 10th, 2016 8 Pages
Ethnic Studies Writing Assignment #3 – Policy Debates and the Construction of Difference

In 1988 Congress enacted the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act in order to regulate gaming held on tribal lands. Known as the IGRA, this act also sets the regulatory structure for Indian gaming through the National Indian Gaming Commission. Prior to 1988 and at the same time state lotteries were expanding, gaming on tribal lands mainly centered around larger prized bingo games. As the growth of seemingly tax-free gaming enterprises on tribal lands began to take shape, states began to balk at the competition and law-suits ensued which were ultimately ruled against. After the U.S. Supreme Court formally recognized Indian Gaming in 1897, the passing of IGRA soon followed. Since tribal nations are considered sovereign entities by the United States, it’s important to understand why their enterprises on tribal lands need regulations, who and what is this act protecting and are there possible ulterior motives behind this legislation?

Many tribes had to fight to gain access to the gaming industry on their lands prior to 1987 but it is one case that had nothing to do with gaming that paved the way for them. In 1976, the Supreme Court issued what is considered to be a landmark ruling in the case of Bryan v. Itasca County. This case had to do with a Chippewa couple, Helen and Russel Bryan, receiving two tax notices from Itasca County, Minnesota, despite the indisputable fact that states…

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