Plato 's Philosophy And Philosophy Essay

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Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher, born in circa 428 B.C.E. He is considered one of the earliest and greatest philosopher in the history of Western philosophers. He was born into a wealthy family and lived to see the rise and fall of Athens. "Plato grew up during the Peloponnesian War and came of age around the time of Athens final defeat by Sparta and the political chaos that followed." ( Staff, 2009). He was a student of another great philosopher Socrates, whom I believe contributed greatly to Plato 's work. His writings explored epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics. He has written about a variety of subjects, but his most common subject was political philosophy. Interestingly enough, Plato was actually supposed to enter into politics. However, "partly in reaction to the execution of his mentor and teacher Socrates in 399, he turned instead to philosophy, thinking that only it could bring true justice to human beings and put an end to civil war and political upheaval." (P., & Reeve, C.D., 2006) Plato had a strong dislike of democracy and he considered it "mob rule". Which is understandable seeing as it was the Democratic government of Athens that killed Socrates. In Plato 's most famous dialogue the Republic, he writes about justice and what does justice exactly mean. He asks difficult questions about what constitutes justice and he describes what makes a state function correctly and what makes it healthy. Many of his answers were controversial…

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