Essay on Piaget And Vygotsky 's Theory Of Cognitive Development

1682 Words Apr 27th, 2016 7 Pages
Both Piaget and Vygotsky provide fundamental explanations of learning that are still widely recognized accepted (Pass, 2004) However, just as these theories are respected they are also both critiqued for lacking in certain areas in relation to cognitive development (Tryphon & Vonèche, 1996). The thesis of this essay is to explore the contributions of Jean Piaget’s and Lev Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development to modern education and teachings such as the scenario provided of the year 5 classroom and to discuss any criticisms of these theories.

Jean Piaget is said to be one of the most eminent cognitive psychologists of all time. His theories are still widely accepted in modern educational psychology today. (Carey, Zaitchik & Bascandziev, 2015). There are three main components to Piaget’s theory: Stages of development, Schemas, and adaptation processes that enable the transition from one stage to another. Piaget unlike many other theorists concerned with cognitive development devoted his research primarily to the way children incorrectly solved problems, and consequently the thought processes involved with their decision (Duchesne et al., 2013). Piaget believed that intelligence was an individual achievement, and in order to maximize this intelligence, social interaction between peers within the same cognitive stage was imperative (Lourenço, 2012).

One of Piaget’s most recognized work was his stage theory. Which included four stages of cognitive development, later…

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