The Diverse Relationship Between Aerobic Exercise And Physical Activity

1014 Words 5 Pages
2.1.1.3. Physical Activity According to the World Health Organization (WHO), physical activity is defined as any body movement produced by skeletal muscles, requiring energy expenditure. Its effects include control of weight, reduction in the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer, strengthen bones and muscles, and improvement of mental health, according to Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). An inverse relationship exists between aerobic exercise and physical activity. Although in this study, physical activity is defined as a behavior while aerobic fitness is defined as physiological measure that reflects a combination of physical activity behaviors, Increasing in physical activity is an important hypertension prevention …show more content…
The effect of aerobic exercise training on BP was significant only for diastolic BP, among normotensive individuals. The study also compared the effect of aerobic exercise on the morning and on the evening. Significant change in blood pressure was observed in daytime but not in nighttime (Diaz & Shimbo, 2013). It has been conclusively shown that single aerobic exercise and regular aerobic exercise reduces the ambulatory blood pressure of hypertensive patients (Cardoso Jr, et al., 2010).

2.1.1.3.2.Resistance Training It was defined from www.emedicinehealth.com that resistance training is an exercise for the muscles to contract against an external resistance. This exercise is done to increase strength, tone, mass, and/or endurance. It is not referred as strength training. According to a study conducted by Cornelissen and colleagues during 2011, reported that the net effect of the training on BP was significant for systolic and diastolic BP among prehypertensives, however it is only significant for diastolic BP among normotensives (Diaz & Shimbo, 2013). One study suggests acute decrease in ambulatory blood pressure after exercise, and that this decrease seems to be greater after low-intensity exercise and in patients receiving anti-hypertensive drugs (Cardoso Jr, et al., 2010).

2.1.1.3.3.Age and

Related Documents