Phonological Awareness And Phonemic Awareness

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Register to read the introduction… Oral language is very important. Developing oral language is done at home and it starts at birth. Babies makes sounds and eventually those sounds make words which then become sentences and beyond.
The first stage to reading (and most crucial) is the Emergent stage. This is from birth to five to six years of age. Children usually say their first words between 12-18 months of age. Complex sentences are at usually four to four and half years of age. During this stage, children must begin to use words to communicate. Children also learn print awareness-awareness for certain everyday memorable items like grocery lists, magazines, and iconic fast food signs. Children make connections between words and print to start to read and write. There are three components to oral language: phonological- sounds in language; semantic- meaning in language; syntactic- grammar.
During this stage, the phonological system is very important. Learning the sounds and letters during this time is very important. This is the age when a child gets an appreciation for books and a wanting to read.
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There are 44 phonemes in the English language. This system is important for both oral and written language. In this part of reading, a student learns to manipulate sounds through oral language. Phonemes are the smallest units of speech. Graphemes are the letters of the alphabet. Graphophonemic is the letter and sound relationships. In this area of literacy, students are focusing solely on the sounds of speech not meaning (Tompkins, 2014, p. 143).
Teachers can use the following strategies/ activities to help with phonological/ phonemic awareness by giving the students as many chances to orally play with sounds by matching sounds, isolating sounds, blending sounds, substituting sounds and segmenting sounds.
Teachers must also include three specific areas when teaching phonological/ phonemic awareness by making it appropriate for four to six years old, the lesson being well planned, and being integrated into the curriculum for a balanced literacy approach.
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There are 44 phonemes and 26 letters. There is no one-to-one correspondence between letters and sounds. There are two different areas of phonics that include vowels and consonants. Vowels are a, e, I, o, and u and sometimes w and y. these letters are mostly long and short sounds. An example of a long vowel would be rule. An example of a short vowel would be bed. There are many, many vowel combinations. Many can be categorized by diagraphs or diphthongs. Diagraphs are two vowels represented by a single sound like nail or snow. Diphthongs are when two vowels glide from one sound to another like house or now (Tompkins, 2014, p.

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