Perspectives Of Sigmund Freud's Theory Of Human Development

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Human development involves the studies of human conditioning; psychoanalytic theories study the behaviour of society through peoples’ characteristics. Psychoanalytic theorists see that behaviour is extensively shaped by early childhood experiences with our parents. This is highlighted in Sigmund Freud’s (1856–1939) psychoanalytic theory.
Sigmund Freud was a neurologist who became interested in the psychoanalytic aspect. He suggested that our behaviour was provoked by the libido, what Freud means by libido is the driving force of all human behaviour which can come into conflict with socially acceptable behaviour. Freud puts forward the lifespan theory which include 5 stages - oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital that effect people at different ages of their lifespan, Freud highlights 3 parts of ones personality which is the id, ego and superego which become interrelated into his 5 life stages.
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Freud highlights the impact that parental discipline and parental relationships can have on children.
Within Freud’s psychosexual of human development theory, Neo-Freudian Karen Horney (1938) who is a feminist strongly disagrees on Freud’s phallic point of how girls are penis envy and criticises Freud for being sexist, Karen then put forward that girls are not penis envy but rather power envy and for boys they are ‘womb and vagina envy’ as they do not get to bear children.
Anthropologist Malinowski researched the Trobriand islanders, his study challenges and criticises Freud for being western and thus is not a true representation, Malinowski (1924) claimed, “it is not the case that the male child wishes to kill his father and marry his mother, but rather that he wishes to marry his sister and kill his mother 's brother” Another criticism of Freud’s theory is of his methodology, his method is longitudinal which in today’s society is a practical issue as this method costs a lot of

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