Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories Of Human Development

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Human development involves the studies of human conditioning; psychoanalytic theories study the behaviour of society through peoples’ characteristics. Psychoanalytic theorists see that behaviour is extensively shaped by early childhood experiences with our parents. This is highlighted in Sigmund Freud’s (1856–1939) psychoanalytic theory.
Sigmund Freud was a neurologist who became interested in the psychoanalytic aspect. He suggested that our behaviour was provoked by the libido, what Freud means by libido is the driving force of all human behaviour which can come into conflict with socially acceptable behaviour. Freud puts forward the lifespan theory which include 5 stages - oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital that effect people at different
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The id intrinsically links with our early infancy (birth to 1 ½ years) as we just think about physiological aspects such as warmth and food. This immediate gratification focuses on the mouth. Freud puts forward the concept of how excessive amounts of oral gratification as an infant can lead to an oral behaviour in later life especially when stressed for example smoking or nail biting. At the anal stage of human development (1-3 years) the behaviour generated by the libido soon switches from the oral stage to the anal stage. Within this stage their ego has developed which can conflict the child e.g. immediate gratification of going to the toilet can conflict with parental rules of potty training. From this Freud derived the theory that in later life this will from an effect ones relationship with authority. (S McLeod 2009) noted that early or harsh potty training can lead to a child become anal-retentive with OCD-like traits. Freud suggests that the reason for this as it stimulates the same pleasure from withholding their faeces when told to go to the potty from parents. The opposite of anal-retentive is …show more content…
This stage usually begins with children start school and focus their energy on education, friendships and hobbies. The last stage of Freud’s theory is genital stage (puberty – death) the genital stage was added to the Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), by Sigmund Freud in 1915. This stage is where the sexual libido is awakened and focuses their energy in experimenting in heterosexual

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