Period 2: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies (600 Bce - 600 Ce)

1197 Words 5 Pages
PERIOD 2: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, c. 600 BCE to c. 600 CE
The Development and Codification of Religious and Cultural Traditions I. Codifications and further developments of existing religious traditions provided a bond among the people and an ethical code to live by. A. The association of monotheism with Judaism was further developed with the codification of the Hebrew Scriptures, which also reflected the influence of Mesopotamian cultural and legal traditions. The Assyrian, Babylonian, and Roman empires conquered various Jewish states at different points in time. These conquests contributed to the growth of Jewish diasporic communities around the Mediterranean and Middle East. B. The core beliefs
…show more content…
D. Christianity, based on core beliefs about the teachings and divinity of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded by his disciples, drew on Judaism, and initially rejected Roman and Hellenistic influences. Despite initial Roman imperial hostility, Christianity spread through the efforts of missionaries and merchants through many parts of afro-Eurasia, and eventually gained Roman imperial support by the time of Emperor Constantine. E. The core ideas of Greco-Roman philosophy and science emphasized logic, empirical observation, and the nature of political power and hierarchy. III. Belief systems affected gender roles. Buddhism and Christianity encouraged monastic life and Confucianism emphasized filial piety. IV. Other religious and cultural traditions continued parallel to the codified, written belief systems in core civilizations. A. Shamanism and animism continued to shape the lives of people within and outside of core civilizations because of their daily reliance on the natural world. B. Ancestor veneration persisted in many regions: Africa, The Mediterranean region, East Asia, The Andean areas. V. Artistic expressions, including literature and drama, architecture, and sculpture, show distinctive cultural developments. A. Literature and drama acquired distinctive forms that influenced artistic developments in neighboring

Related Documents